An OAS resolution condemns the repression in Nicaragua.
Bradley A. Freden
Acting Permanent Representative of the United States
20 October 2021
Thank you, Mr. Chairman. We would like to congratulate all the OAS delegations who voted in favor of this resolution today.
The resolution sends a clear message to President Ortega and Vice President Murillo that their actions will not be tolerated by the countries of the Americas.
With the decision of the Ortega-Murillo government to ban the last real opposition party, the elections scheduled for November have lost all credibility. This so-called election is just a sham.
The United States calls on President Ortega and the Nicaraguan government to immediately release opposition political leaders, journalists, members of civil society, private sector figures, students, leaders of the Campesino movement and others people arrested during the current crackdown.
The United States condemns this ongoing campaign of terror. President Ortega, Vice President Murillo and accomplices in these acts are responsible for the safety and well-being of detainees.
Nicaraguan rulers have used a series of Russian-inspired laws as a justification to suppress their people; laws that are incompatible with the democratic values of our hemisphere as stated in the OAS Charter and the Inter-American Democratic Charter.
Daniel Ortega and Rosario Murillo do not have the consent of the Nicaraguan people to turn Nicaragua into a one-party family dictatorship.
The United States, however, believes Nicaraguans should be able to choose their leaders in free and fair elections.
We will continue to use all our diplomatic and economic tools to hold accountable those who undermine the ability of Nicaraguans to freely choose their future.
With today’s vote in favor of the OAS resolution, the countries of the Americas have categorically declared that the actions of President Ortega and Vice President Murillo are unacceptable.
The region and the international community must join with the Nicaraguan people in defending their right to freely choose their elected representatives.
OAS member states spoke clearly today in favor of democracy and human rights in Nicaragua, and we urge member states to continue to monitor the situation in Nicaragua and take further action to the OAS General Assembly, including under the Democratic Charter, if, as we expect the Nicaraguan regime to follow through on its plan to reaffirm one-party rule on November 7.
We also look forward to future reports on the situation of human rights in Nicaragua from the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and other respected non-governmental organizations.
Mr. President, Members of the OAS Permanent Council, Ladies and Gentlemen: we are not pushing to invoke the Democratic Charter i; it is the Nicaraguan government, with its constant contempt for human rights and fundamental freedoms, that is inexorably pushing us towards a discussion of the Charter; it is the Nicaraguan government that leaves us no other choice when our ministers meet next month than to recognize what no one will be able to deny following these so-called elections in Nicaragua: that there has been an interruption democratic order in Nicaragua is unconstitutional and we, as member states that adopted the Democratic Charter 20 years ago, must act to enforce its provisions.
Failure to face it in such blatant disregard for its provisions can only encourage other potential authoritarian governments to follow suit, potentially leaving us with a Democratic Charter not worth the paper it is printed on.
Thank you, Mr. Chairman.
The resolution received 26 votes for (Antigua and Barbuda, Belize, Bahamas, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominica, Grenada, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Saint Lucia, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, United States and Venezuela); 7 abstentions (Argentina, Barbados, Bolivia, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines); 1 absent (Nicaragua).
CP / RES. 1182 (2346/21)
THE SITUATION IN NICARAGUA
(Adopted by the Permanent Council at its virtual regular meeting held on October 20, 2021)
THE PERMANENT COUNCIL OF THE ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES,
RECALLING the exhortations of Member States to the Government of Nicaragua contained in all previous declarations, resolutions and mandates adopted in favor of free and fair elections and respect for human rights in Nicaragua;
NOTING WITH CONCERN that the recommendations of the Permanent Council in resolution CP / RES. 1175 (224/21) “The Situation in Nicaragua” of June 15, 2021, were ignored by the government of Nicaragua;
ALARMED by the findings of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights as set out in the oral report on the human rights situation in Nicaragua presented on September 13, 2021, which details “the arbitrary detention people, including political leaders, human rights defenders, businessmen, journalists, peasant leaders and students “and” the cancellation of two other political parties last May “, eliminating” all options possible for candidates from the main opposition groups ”;
AWARE that resolving the crisis in Nicaragua requires a commitment to democracy and democratic processes, including transparent elections in accordance with internationally recognized standards; and the protection of human rights;
AWARE that the Inter-American Democratic Charter commits member states to organize, conduct and guarantee free and fair electoral processes, and
CONCERNED that the measures instituted by the Nicaraguan government do not meet the minimum criteria for free and fair elections as established by the Inter-American Democratic Charter and, therefore, undermine the credibility of the presidential and parliamentary elections to be held November 7, 2021,
1. To reiterate its call for the immediate release of presidential candidates and political prisoners.
2. To express its deep concern that the attempts of the Permanent Council to engage the Nicaraguan Government in the holding of free and fair elections have been ignored.
3. To express its alarm at the continuing deterioration of the political and human rights situation in Nicaragua and at the efforts of the Nicaraguan government to reverse the electoral process.
4. To urge the Government of Nicaragua to apply without delay the principles of the Inter-American Democratic Charter and all internationally recognized electoral standards, including agreed electoral reforms, with a view to organizing free, fair and transparent elections as soon as possible. , under the OAS and other credible international observations.
5. Undertake, if necessary, further measures in accordance with the Charter of the Organization of American States and the Inter-American Democratic Charter, including an evaluation of the November 7 elections in Nicaragua at the fifty-first regular session of the United Nations. General assembly.